Pulses are a crucial commodity group of crops that provide top quality protein complementing cereal proteins for pre-dominantly substantial vegetarian population of the country. Pulses are 20 to 25 per cent protein by weight which is double the protein content of wheat and 3 times that of rice.The cultivation of pulses builds-up a mechanism to repair atmospheric nitrogen in their root nodules and thus meet their nitrogen requirements to an excellent extent. In India, pulses are often produced with a minimum use of resources and hence, it becomes less expensive even than animal protein. as compared to other vegetables, pulses are rich in protein which are less costly and may be cultivated as an inter-crop and also as mixed crop.
Pulses are mostly cultivated under rainfed conditions and don’t require intensive irrigation facility and this is often the rationale why pulses are grown in areas left after satisfying the demand for cereals/cash crops. Even in such conditions, pulses give better returns. aside from this, pulses possess several other qualities like they’re rich in protein, improve soil fertility and body , fit inmixed/inter-cropping system, crop rotations and dry farming and supply green pods for vegetable and nutritious fodder for cattle also .
India is that the largest producer, 26% of world’s production, and consumer, 30% of total pulses of the planet .